Phân biệt tương lai hoàn thành và tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễn

Tương lai hoàn thành và tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễn cũng là 1 cặp đôi dễ gây nhầm lẫn cho người học. Bài học hôm nay sẽ giúp các bạn phân biệt rõ 2 thì này nhé:

  1. Lý thuyết
Tương Lai Hoàn Thành Tương Lai Hoàn Thành Tiếp Diễn
1.      Cấu trúc:

S + will have + Past Participle (QK Phân từ)

2.      Cách sử dụng:

–          Diễn tả 1 hành động sẽ hoàn tất vào 1 thời điểm cho trước ở tương lai.

Ex:

+ They’ll have finished their project by midnight.

+ The company will have moved to the new office by next month.

+ When my mom comes back, my sister will have cleaned the floor.

3.      Dấu hiệu nhận biết:

Các cụm từ chỉ thời gian đi kèm:

–          By + mốc thời gian (by the end of, by tomorrow)

–          By then

–          By the time

1.      Cấu trúc:

S + will have been + V-ing

2.      Cách sử dụng:

–          Diễn tả 1 hành động bắt đầu từ quá khứ và kéo dài đến 1 thời điểm cho trước ở tương lai.

Ex:

+ By January, I’ll have been studyingEnglish for 15 years.

+ By September 21st, I’ll have been working for this centre for 15 months.

 

3.      Dấu hiệu nhận biết:

Các cụm từ chỉ thời gian đi kèm:

–          By … for (+ khoảng thời gian)

–          By then

–          By the time.

 

  1. Bài tập

 

Put the verb into the correct form, will be (do)ing or will have (done)

 

1 Don’t phone between 7 and 8. We’ll be having (we/have) dinner then.

2 Phone me after 8 o’clock. ……………… (we/finish) dinner by then.

3 Tomorrow afternoon we’re going to play tennis from 3 o’clock until 4.30.

So at 4 o’clock, ………………. (we/play) tennis.

4 A: Can we meet tomorrow?

B: Yes, but not in the afternoon. …………….. (I/work).

5 B has to go to a meeting which begins at 10 o’clock. It will last about

an hour.

A: Will you be free at 11.30?

B: Yes, ………….. (the meeting/end) by then.

6 Ben is on holiday and he is spending his money very quickly. If he

continues like this, ……….. (he/spend) all his money before the end

of his holiday.

7 Do you think ……. (you/still/do) the same job in ten years’ time?

8 Lisa is from Nem Zealand. She is travelling around Europe at the moment.

So far she has travelled about 1,000 miles. By the end of the trip, ……

(she/travel) more than 3,000 miles.

9 If you need to contact me, …. (I/stay) at the Lion Hotel until Friday.

10 A: ………….. (you/see) Luara tomorrow?

B: Yes, probably. Why?

A: I borrowed this CD from her. Can you give it back to her?

 

ĐÁP ÁN

 

2  We’ll have finished

3  we’ll be playing

4  I’ll be working

5  the meeting will have ended

6  he’ll have spent

7  you’ll still be doing

8  she’ll have travelled

9  I’ll be staying

10 Will you seeing

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